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IP Ratings 101 – Everything You Need to Know

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IP ratings are the standard for assessing an electronic’s resistance to external elements and are important to consider when deciding on the right product.

Here is everything you need to know, plus an online IP rating checker tool.

What is an IP rating?

An IP rating (or IP code) is a standard defined by the International Electronic Commission (IEC 60529) which measures the sealing effectiveness of an electronic enclosure.

“IP” stands for “ingress protection”, so the term “IP rating” means “protection from access rating”. It measures how protected electrical components are from access by potentially harmful external elements.

An IP rating is written as “IP” followed by 2 digits, with the first digit indicating the electronic’s protection from solids such as tools & dust, and the second digit indicating the electronic’s protection from liquids such as moisture or rain.

The first digit (protection from solids) is on a scale of 0 to 6, with 0 indicating no protection from solids and 6 indicating total protection from solids.

The second digit (protection from liquids) is on a scale of 0 to 8, with 0 indicating no protection from liquids and 8 indicating the highest level of protection from liquids.

The higher the digits in the IP rating, the better the protection. An IP65 rated product is more protected from solids than one rated at IP55. An IP67 product is more resistant to water than an IP65 product, and so-on.

IP rating values

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IP FIRST DIGIT – PROTECTION FROM SOLIDS SECOND DIGIT – PROTECTION FROM LIQUIDS
0 No protection from solids No protection from liquids
1 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
2 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
3 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
4 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from water splashes at any angle
5 Some protection from dust Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
6 Total protection from dust Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
7 Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
8 Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)

 

Insane Impact is a leading national provider of LED video walls for rent, sale and installation, located in Waukee, Iowa. We were founded in 2015 with the mission to enhance experiences, gather community, and create memories with industry leading displays and service.

IP rating reference chart
Edit
IP FIRST DIGIT – PROTECTION FROM SOLIDS SECOND DIGIT – PROTECTION FROM LIQUIDS
IP00 No protection from solids No protection from liquids
IP01 No protection from solids Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP02 No protection from solids Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP03 No protection from solids Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP04 No protection from solids Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP05 No protection from solids Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter of depth for 30 minutes)
IP06 No protection from solids Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP07 No protection from solids Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP08 No protection from solids Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP10 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand No protection from liquids
IP11 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP12 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP13 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP14 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP15 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP16 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP17 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP18 Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP20 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers No protection from liquids
IP21 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP22 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP23 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP24 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP25 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP26 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP27 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP28 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP30 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires No protection from liquids
IP31 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP32 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP33 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP34 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP35 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP36 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP37 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP38 Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP40 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws No protection from liquids
IP41 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP42 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP43 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP44 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP45 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP46 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP47 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP48 Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP50 Some protection from dust No protection from liquids
IP51 Some protection from dust Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP52 Some protection from dust Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP53 Some protection from dust Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP54 Some protection from dust Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP55 Some protection from dust Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP56 Some protection from dust Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP57 Some protection from dust Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP58 Some protection from dust Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP60 Total protection from dust No protection from liquids
IP61 Total protection from dust Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP62 Total protection from dust Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP63 Total protection from dust Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP64 Total protection from dust Protection from water splashes at any angle
IP65 Total protection from dust Protection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP66 Total protection from dust Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP67 Total protection from dust Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP68 Total protection from dust Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)

What does IPX mean?

The letter X in an IP rating simply indicates that no testing has been conducted for its respective placement.

For example, a product with an IPX6 rating would indicate an unspecified protection from solids and protection from high pressure water jets.

An IPX7 rating indicates unspecified protection from solids and protection from short periods of low-pressure water immersion, up to 1 meter for 30 minutes.

An IP5X rating indicates some protection from dust and an unspecified level of protection from liquids.

An IP 6X rating indicates total protection from dust and an unspecified level of protection from liquids.

And so-on.

IPX rating reference chart

Edit
IP FIRST DIGIT – PROTECTION FROM SOLIDS SECOND DIGIT – PROTECTION FROM LIQUIDS
IPXX Protection from solids unspecified Protection from liquids unspecified
IPX0 Protection from solids unspecified No protection from liquids
IPX1 Protection from solids unspecified Protection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IPX2 Protection from solids unspecified Protection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IPX3 Protection from solids unspecified Protection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IPX4 Protection from solids unspecified Protection from water splashes at any angle
IPX5 Protection from solids unspecified Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter of depth for 30 minutes)
IPX6 Protection from solids unspecified Protection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IPX7 Protection from solids unspecified Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IPX8 Protection from solids unspecified Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP0X No protection from solids Protection from liquids unspecified
IP1X Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a hand Protection from liquids unspecified
IP2X Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingers Protection from liquids unspecified
IP3X Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wires Protection from liquids unspecified
IP4X Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screws Protection from liquids unspecified
IP5X Some protection from dust Protection from liquids unspecified
IP6X Total protection from dust Protection from liquids unspecified

IP ratings & LED displays

IP ratings are the standard measurement for assessing the durability and longevity of LED video wall displays.

Outdoor LED screens can be found with IP ratings ranging between IP54 and IP68. While IP54 is considered acceptable for outdoor use, we suggest IP65 or higher. This will ensure successful long-term exposure to nature’s elements. In addition, front and rear service panels require a minimum IP code of IP65.

At Insane Impact, we offer IP65 on all outdoor LED screen rental products to withstand heavy rain during events and other temporary applications. Our installation solutions are offered in IP65 and IP67 for sustained exposure to the harshest weather environments.

The bottom line

The IP rating standards, established by the IEC, are important for assessing electronics’ resistance to solids and liquids.

The higher the number, the more resistant the product is to solids and liquids. For LED displays, you want IP65-IP68.

If you are looking for an LED video wall, Insane Impact has the right product guaranteed to withstand adverse conditions for long periods of time, backed by our industry leading warranty. Contact us today for more information.