back of an led video wall in the rain at a stadium. The screen has an IP rating of IP67, illustrating its resistance to liquid and dust.

IP Ratings 101 – Everything You Need to Know

back of an led video wall in the rain at a stadium. The screen has an IP rating of IP67, illustrating its resistance to liquid and dust.

IP ratings are the standard for assessing an electronic’s resistance to external elements and are important to consider when deciding on the right product.

Here is everything you need to know, plus an online IP rating checker tool.

What is an IP rating?

An IP rating (or IP code) is a standard defined by the International Electronic Commission (IEC 60529) which measures the sealing effectiveness of an electronic enclosure.

“IP” stands for “ingress protection”, so the term “IP rating” means “protection from access rating”. It measures how protected electrical components are from access by potentially harmful external elements.

An IP rating is written as “IP” followed by 2 digits, with the first digit indicating the electronic’s protection from solids such as tools & dust, and the second digit indicating the electronic’s protection from liquids such as moisture or rain.

The first digit (protection from solids) is on a scale of 0 to 6, with 0 indicating no protection from solids and 6 indicating total protection from solids.

The second digit (protection from liquids) is on a scale of 0 to 8, with 0 indicating no protection from liquids and 8 indicating the highest level of protection from liquids.

The higher the digits in the IP rating, the better the protection. An IP65 rated product is more protected from solids than one rated at IP55. An IP67 product is more resistant to water than an IP65 product, and so-on.

IP rating values

IPFirst digit - protection from solidsSecond digit - protection from liquids
0No protection from solidsNo protection from liquids
1Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
2Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
3Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
4Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from water splashes at any angle
5Some protection from dustProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
6Total protection from dustProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
7-Protected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
8- Protected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)

Insane Impact is a leading national provider of LED video walls for rent, sale and installation, located in Waukee, Iowa. We were founded in 2015 with the mission to enhance experiences, gather community, and create memories with industry leading displays and service.

IP rating checker tool

IP rating reference chart

IPFirst digit - protection from solidsSecond digit - protection from liquids
IP00No protection from solidsNo protection from liquids
IP01No protection from solidsProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP02No protection from solidsProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP03No protection from solidsProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP04No protection from solidsProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP05No protection from solidsProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter of depth for 30 minutes)
IP06No protection from solidsProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP07No protection from solidsProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP08No protection from solidsProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP10Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handNo protection from liquids
IP11Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP12Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP13Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP14Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP15Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP16Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP17Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP18Protection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP20Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersNo protection from liquids
IP21Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP22Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP23Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP24Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP25Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP26Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP27Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP28 Protection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP30Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresNo protection from liquids
IP31Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP32Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP33Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP34Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP35Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP36Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP37Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP38Protection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP40Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsNo protection from liquids
IP41Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP42Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP43Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP44Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP45Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP46Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP47Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP48Protection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP50Some protection from dustNo protection from liquids
IP51Some protection from dustProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP52Some protection from dustProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP53Some protection from dustProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP54Some protection from dustProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP55Some protection from dustProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP56Some protection from dustProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP57Some protection from dustProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP58Some protection from dustProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP60Total protection from dustNo protection from liquids
IP61Total protection from dustProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IP62Total protection from dustProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IP63Total protection from dustProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IP64Total protection from dustProtection from water splashes at any angle
IP65Total protection from dustProtection from low-pressure water jets at any angle
IP66Total protection from dustProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IP67Total protection from dustProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IP68Total protection from dustProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)

Click here to view or download the IP rating reference chart .PDF

What does IPX mean?

The letter X in an IP rating simply indicates that no testing has been conducted for its respective placement.

For example, a product with an IPX6 rating would indicate an unspecified protection from solids and protection from high pressure water jets.

An IPX7 rating indicates unspecified protection from solids and protection from short periods of low-pressure water immersion, up to 1 meter for 30 minutes.

An IP5X rating indicates some protection from dust and an unspecified level of protection from liquids.

An IP 6X rating indicates total protection from dust and an unspecified level of protection from liquids.

And so-on.

IPX rating reference chart

IPFirst digit - protection from solidsSecond digit - protection from liquids
IPXXProtection from solids unspecifiedProtection from liquids unspecified
IPX0Protection from solids unspecifiedNo protection from liquids
IPX1Protection from solids unspecifiedProtection from water drops at a 90° angle and moisture
IPX2Protection from solids unspecifiedProtection from water drops when the enclosure is tilted up to 15°
IPX3Protection from solids unspecifiedProtection from water drops at an angle up to 60°
IPX4Protection from solids unspecifiedProtection from water splashes at any angle
IPX5Protection from solids unspecifiedProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter of depth for 30 minutes)
IPX6Protection from solids unspecifiedProtection from high-pressure water jets at any angle
IPX7Protection from solids unspecifiedProtected from short periods of low-pressure water immersion (up to 1 meter depth for 30 minutes)
IPX8Protection from solids unspecifiedProtected from continuous immersion in water under conditions specified by the manufacturer (generally up to 3 meters depth)
IP0XNo protection from solidsProtection from liquids unspecified
IP1XProtection from objects larger than 50mm (1.97 in), such as the back of a handProtection from liquids unspecified
IP2XProtection from solid objects larger than 12.5 mm (.49 in), such as touch by fingersProtection from liquids unspecified
IP3XProtection from solid objects larger than 2.5 mm (.10 in), such as tools and thick wiresProtection from liquids unspecified
IP4XProtection from solid objects larger than 1 mm (.04 in), such as wires and small screwsProtection from liquids unspecified
IP5XSome protection from dustProtection from liquids unspecified
IP6XTotal protection from dustProtection from liquids unspecified

Click here to view or download the IPX rating reference chart .PDF

IP ratings & LED displays

IP ratings are the standard measurement for assessing the durability and longevity of LED video wall displays.

Outdoor LED screens can be found with IP ratings ranging between IP54 and IP68. While IP54 is considered acceptable for outdoor use, we suggest IP65 or higher. This will ensure successful long-term exposure to nature’s elements. In addition, front and rear service panels require a minimum IP code of IP65.

At Insane Impact, we offer IP65 on all outdoor LED screen rental products to withstand heavy rain during events and other temporary applications. Our installation solutions are offered in IP65 and IP67 for sustained exposure to the harshest weather environments.

The bottom line

The IP rating standards, established by the IEC, are important for assessing electronics’ resistance to solids and liquids.

The higher the number, the more resistant the product is to solids and liquids. For LED displays, you want IP65-IP68.

If you are looking for an LED video wall, Insane Impact has the right product guaranteed to withstand adverse conditions for long periods of time, backed by our industry leading warranty. Contact us today for more information.

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